Nathalie Bonnardel


Full Professor of Cognitive Ergonomics and Psychology,
Aix-Marseille University (AMU)

Honorary member of the IUF (Institut Universitaire de France)

Director of the Institute on Creativity and Innovations of Aix-Marseille (InCIAM)

Director of the Research Centre for the Psychology of Cognition, Language and Emotion (PsyCLE)

Director of the Master’s degree in Ergonomics: Human factors and information system engineering

Research overview

My main research interests are:

(1) understanding and modeling processes involved in creative activities, in both professional (e.g. designers, physicians) and educational (e.g. design students or future teachers) contexts;

(2) developing methods or techniques (e.g. specific variants of brainstorming) and computational systems (e.g. human-computer interactions with avatars in a virtual reality environment or with a system providing users with inspirational images or words) to support creative activities;

(3) analysing the use of these methods, techniques and systems, and their impact on creative activities.

Selected publications


Didier, J., & Bonnardel, N. (Eds., 2020). Didactique de la Conception [Teaching Design]. Belfort : Presses de l’UTBM

Bonnardel, N. (2006). Créativité et Conception : Approches Cognitives et Ergonomiques [Creativity and Design : Cognitive and Ergonomics Approaches]. Louvain-La Neuve : De Boeck Supérieur.

Gero, J.S. & Bonnardel, N. (Eds., 2005). Studying Designers. Sydney: University of Sydney.


Bonnardel, N. (2002). Entrée : Créativité [Creativity] (pp. 95-97). In G. Tiberghien (Ed.). Dictionnaire des Sciences Cognitives, Armand Colin/VUEF.

Bonnardel, N. (2021). Créativité et conception [Creativity and design]. In E. Brangier & G. Vallery (Eds). Dictionnaire encyclopédique de l’ergonomie : 150 notions clés. Paris : Dunod.

Bonnardel, N. & Gero, J. (2021). The possible of Design. In V. P. Glăveanu (Ed.), The Palgrave Encyclopedia of the Possible (chapter 22-1). New York: Palgrave Macmillan. [DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-98390-5_22-1]


Bonetto, E., Pichot, N., Girandola, F., & Bonnardel, N. (2020). The normative features of creativity: Creative individuals are judged to be warmer and more competent. The Journal of Creative Behavior. 55: 649-660.

Bonetto, E., Pichot, N., Lo Monaco, G., Girandola, F., Bonnardel, N. (in press). Social representations theory in creativity research: Under-exploited perspectives. European Psychologist.

Bonnardel, N. & Didier, J. (2020). Brainstorming variants to favor creative design. Applied Ergonomics, 83, 102987 []

Bonnardel, N. & Pichot, N. (2020) Enhancing collaborative creativity with virtual dynamic personas. Applied Ergonomics, 82, 102949 []

Bonnardel, N. & Lubart, T. (2019). La créativité : approches et méthodes en psychologie et en ergonomie [Creativity : approaches and methods in psychology and ergonomics]. RIMHE – Revue Interdisciplinaire, Management, Homme & Entreprise, 37, 79-98.

Bonnardel, N., Wojtczuk, A., Gilles, P.-Y, & Mazon, S. (2018). The creative process in design. In T. Lubart (Ed.), The Creative Process: Perspectives from multiple domains (pp. 229-254). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Bonnardel, N., & Bouchard, C. (2017). Creativity in Design. In J.C. Kaufman, V.P. Glaveanu, & J. Baer (Eds.), Cambridge Handbook of Creativity Across Different Domains (pp. 403-427). New York: Cambridge University.

Bonnardel, N. (2017). Propositions de méthodes d’analyse et de modalités d’assistances pédagogique et informatique aux activités créatives. Illustrations dans le domaine du design [Analysis methods and pedagogical and computational support to creative activities]. In I. Capron-Puozzo (Ed.). La créativité en éducation et en formation. Perspectives théoriques et pratiques (pp. 167-180). Paris : Albin Michel.

Bonnardel, N., Forens, M., & Lefevre, M. (2016). Enhancing collective creative design: An exploratory study
on the influence of static and dynamic personas in a virtual environment. Design Journal, 19(2), 221-235.
[DOI : 10.1080/14606925.2016.112914].

Bonnardel, N., & Didier, J. (2016). Enhancing creativity in the educational design context: An exploration of the effects of design project-oriented methods on students’ evocation processes and creative output. Journal of Cognitive Education and Psychology, 15(1), 80-101. [DOI : 10.1891/1945 -8959.15.1.80]

Bongard-Blanchy, K., Bouchard, C., Bonnardel, N., Lockner, D., Aoussat, A. (2015). User experience dimensions in product design: A consolidation of what academic researchers know and what design practitioners do. Journal of Design Research, 13(2), 107-124.

Bonnardel, N. (2014). Emergence d’idées et innovations. In J.-F. Dortier (Ed.). Le cerveau et la pensée (pp. 362-367). Auxerre : Sciences Humaines Editions.

Bourgeois-Bougrine, S., Bonnardel, N., Burkhardt, J.-M, Thornhill-Miller, B., Pahlavan, F., Buisine, S., Guegan, J., Pichot, N.,Lubart, T. (in press). Immersive Virtual Environments’ Impact on Individual and Collective Creativity: A Review of Recent Research, European Psychologist (Ref.:  Ms. No. EP-21-0024R1).

Bonnardel, N. (2012). Designing future products: What difficulties do designers encounter and how can their creative process be supported?  Work, A Journal of Prevention, Assessment & Rehabilitation, 41, 5296-5303.

Bonnardel, N. (2012). Cognition and emotion in creative design. In S. Masmoudi, D. Yun Dai & A. Naceur (Eds.). Attention, Representation, and Human Performance: Integration of Cognition, Emotion, and Motivation (pp. 187-200), New York: Psychology Press.

Bonnardel, N. & Zenasni, F. (2010). The impact of technology on creativity in design: An enhancement? Creativity and Innovation Management, 19(2), 180-191.

Bonnardel, N. (2009). Activités de conception et créativité : De l’analyse des facteurs cognitifs à l’assistance aux activités de conception créatives. Le Travail Humain, 72, 5-22.

 Bonnardel, N., & Marmèche, E. (2005). Towards supporting evocation processes in creative design: A cognitive approach. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 63, 442-435.

 Bonnardel, N. & Marmèche, E. (2005). Favouring creativity in design projects: Challenges and findings of experimental studies. In J.S. Gero & N. Bonnardel (Eds.). Studying Designers (pp. 21-32). Sydney: University of Sydney.

 Bonnardel, N., & Marmèche, E. (2004). Evocation processes by novice and expert designers: Towards stimulating analogical thinking. Creativity and Innovation Management, 13(3), 176-186.

Bonnardel, N., & Marmèche, E. (2003). Supporting the evocation process in creative design. In C. Stephanidis & J. Jacko (Eds.), Human-Computer Interaction: Theory and Practice, volume II (pp. 1158-1162). Mahwah, N.J.: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Bonnardel, N., & Marmèche, E. (2001). Creative design activities: the evocation process and its evolution with regard to expertise. In J. Gero & M.L. Maher (Eds.), Computational and Cognitive Models of Creative Design V (pp. 189-204). University of Sydney, Australia: Key Centre of Design Computing and Cognition.

Bonnardel, N. (2000). Towards understanding and supporting creativity in design: Analogies in a constrained cognitive environment. Knowledge-Based Systems, 13, 505-513.

Glaveanu, V., Lubart, T., Bonnardel, N., Botella, M., de Biaisi, P.-M., Desainte-Catherine, M., Georgsdottir, A., Guillou, K., Kurtag, G., Mouchiroud, C., Storme, M., Wojtczuk, A. &  Zenasni, F. (2013). Creativity as Action: Findings from Five Creative Domains. Frontiers in Educational Psychology, 4, 1-14.

Mercier, M., Vinchon, F., Pichot, N., Bonetto, E., Bonnardel, N., Girandola, F., Lubart, T. (2021). COVID-19: A boon or a bane for creativity? Frontiers in psychology, 11, 3916.

Mohamed-Ahmed, A., Bonnardel, N., Côté, P. & Tremblay, S. (2013). Cognitive load management and architectural design outcomes. International Journal of Design Creativity and Innovation, 1(3), 160-176.

Pellegrin, L., Chassery, L., Chaudet, H., Texier, G., & Bonnardel, N. (2021). Decision-making during nonroutine outbreak management: Toward an exploration of experts’ creative decisions. Applied Ergonomics, 90, 103232.[].

Pichot, N., Bonetto E., Pavani, J.-B., Arciszewski, T., Bonnardel, N., Weisberg, R.W. (2021). The construct validity of creativity: Empirical arguments in favor of novelty as the basis for creativity. Creativity Research Journal. 1-12.

Toumi, K., Girandola, F., & Bonnardel, N. (2021). Technologies for supporting creativity in design: A view of physical and virtual environments with regard to cognitive and social processes. Creativity: Theories – Research – Applications, 8(1), 189–212.

Weisberg, R., Pichot, N., Bonetto, E., Pavani, J.-B., Arciszewski, T., Bonnardel, N. (2021). From explicit to implicit theories of creativity and back: The relevance of naive criteria in defining creativity. The Journal of Creative Behavior. 55, 839-856.